basic livestock terminology

Per head basis selling usually occurs when quoting replacement or bred females. Ewe – a female sheep Bovine is a term relating to cattle. ABOUT THE COURSE. Pullet: This indicates usually a young female chicken of 8 to 19 weeks old. Market animal – livestock bred and raised for food consumption 1. basis. If you’re thinking about getting chickens, ducks, geese, or other fowl, it’s good to get used to these common terms. and get early access to event info, ticket discounts, exclusive Big Tex store promos, and more! Created. However, for the purpose of these standards, any mature, castrated, male bovine which has developed or begun to develop the secondary physical characteristics of an uncastrated male also will be considered a bull. Located in Fair Park. As you approach a class of livestock… ommon terminology is an important consideration when communicating with others in the livestock industry. However for slaughter cattle, delivery can be extended up to 30 days. If time permits, allow students to work on the project. Acre: A parcel of land, containing 4,840 square yards or 43,560 square feet. While all beef provides high quality nutrition, consumers in today’s world have a variety of options in selecting beef for their dinner table depending on their budget and preferences. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The weight division between calves and yearlings for market reporting purposes is 600 pounds. Cards Return to … Popular Products – lamb,* mutton,* hogget,* and wool, Poult – Young domestic turkey They have usually produced offspring. This two-week unit lets students explore the basic information needed to understand the livestock industry. Livestock, Poultry and Grain Cattle Terms. Pony – a mature horse that measures less than 14.2hands Joseph F. Glidden of Dekalb, Illinois is credited with the first successful patent of barbed wire in 1874. 11/13/2011. Heifer – a young female bovine which has not yet had a calf Cattle which suffer from disease, parasitism, severe emaciation, or any condition that must be corrected before they can be expected to perform normally, are considered unthrifty and graded U.S. Used to identify cattle on market reports that are emaciated (expressing the lack of fill). Search Help in Finding Basic Livestock Terms - Online Quiz Version The Veterinary Medical Applications course covers topics relating to veterinary practices, including practices for large and small animal species. Rooster – Male bird over one year of age The majority of livestock judging competitions will consists of classes from the following: breeding and market cattle, breeding and market sheep, breeding and ... skeleton in terms of chest width and center body shape to ensure efficiency in a feedlot setting and the ability to … Used to identify cattle on market reports that typically sell at a premium, cattle denoted with this comment have a combination of several of following quantifiers: source and aged verified, all-natural, non-hormone treated, a known vaccination program, being weaned more than 30 days, or superior genetics. Start studying Basic Livestock Terminology. Comment used to differentiate between calves and yearlings weighing over 600 lbs. Comment used to identify cattle that possess a noticeable degree of the Brahman breed influence, usually 1/4 blood or greater. No comment is required on calves weighing less than 600 pounds, but all calves weighing more than 600 pounds must be identified as calves. Gelding – a castrated male llama Typically a cow with less than .15 inch of backfat at the 12th rib. The livestock are usually scheduled for delivery within 14 days. nanny) a female goat Popular Products – eggs and chicken, Bovine – the scientific name for cattle Term used to describe cattle that qualify for a Process Verified Program (PVP) or Quality System Assessment. Addled:an egg where the contents are decomposing. In the event of overlap in the terminology defined here and that used elsewhere, the legal definition should be used. AGRICULTURAL TERMINOLOGY active farmer MS 273.124 subd. Point Of Lay [Poultry] Female about to start laying at 18 weeks. Livestock are animals kept by people for use or pleasure. Agreement under which the base price for the livestock is determined by buyer-seller interaction. 42. We aim to respond to messages within one business day, but it may take up to 3 business days to respond depending on the request. Their rib bones and the hooks and pins in the pelvic region are plainly visible. piglet) a young swine (usually weighing less than 120 lbs.) it should be used by youth and adults together, at club meetings, in classrooms, at field days, or Donkey – a domesticated animal of the equine family primarily used as a working animal, Kit – a young rabbit The final net price will be determined after application of premiums and discounts to the net price. Sire – a male parent There are 25 terms to identify five different species of livestock (cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and horses) based on their gender and maturity. Dallas, TX 75210 Example: calf, heifer, steer, cow, bull. Livestock Terminology General Terms Breed – a stock of animals within a species having a distinctive appearance and typically having been developed by deliberate selection Breeding animal- an animal caused to produce offspring typically in a controlled and organized way Dam – a female parent Flock – a grouping of a species of livestock (sheep, poultry) … This is a great way to teach and reinforce those terms! Tom – Adult male, Equine – name of the family that includes horses, donkeys and zebras It is further complicated by regional variations of terms. Pullet – Female bird under one year of age Agribusiness: a way of farming that combines agriculture and business and usually involves large amounts of land, animals, and expensive technology be Artifact: a historical object made by humans Bacteria: microorganisms that live in the soil and convert nutrients into forms usable by plants Bovine: cattle Breed: to produce offspring by giving birth or by hatching Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (PACA), Institutional Meat Purchase Specifications, Pilot Project: Unprocessed Fruits & Vegetables, Purchase Programs: Solicitations & Awards, Web-Based Supply Chain Management (WBSCM). This can be a bit bamboozling for newcomers. Cockerel – Male bird under one year of age Additional Agriculture Flashcards . LMR denotes definitions derived from Livestock Mandatory Reporting regulations, found in sections 59.30 and 59.100 of the Federal Register. 1 Agriculture Terms & Definitions Adapted from the USDA Acid Soil: A soil with an acid reaction, a pH less than 7.0. Start studying Ppt C Basic Livestock Terminology ANSC 200 Animal Terminology. Doe – a female rabbit They have usually produced offspring. This Factsheet is designed to provide the reader with definitions of terms used in nutrition-related articles, feed analysis reports and feed tags. Show Basic Livestock Nutrition. Summary: When learning about different types of livestock, it is important to know basic knowledge on how to raise them. We have listed a few below; we hope it helps. There is no evidence of smoothness associated with fat deposits. Term used to describe cattle that have received a known vaccination regiment, usually part of a total pre-conditioning program. Herd – a group of a single species of animal (cattle, horses, swine, goats) Livestock – domestic farm animals kept for productive purposes (meat, milk, work, wool) In order for Livestock Mandatory reports to be published they must meet the 3/70/20 confidentiality guideline which states that in order for a report (regional or national) to be published, at least 3 companies have to submit data 50% of the time or more over a 60-day period. Hen – Female bird over one year of age Popular Products – wool. Ram – a male sheep Study Livestock Terminology Flashcards at ProProfs - These cards will familiarize students with gender nad parturition terms used in livestock industries Fair Food Madness: The Big Tex Choice Awards Championship, Texas Cheese Tasting with Scardello Artisan Cheese. Used to identify cattle on market reports that exhibit excessive fill (water/hay weight). F.O.B Feedyard). In cases where only one company submits data for individual reports, the same company can not be the sole reporting entity more than 20% of the time during a 60-day period. Litter – multiple offspring produced at one birth by a multi-parous mammal. Doe – (aka. Basic Livestock Nutrition Vocabulary Handout as well as the Basic Livestock Nutrition Worksheet for students to fill in during the presentation. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. "Another name was "The Devil's Rope. Swine – a refers to animals in the pig family A mature (approximately 24 months of age or older) uncastrated, male bovine. Calf – a sexually immature young bovine Feeder cattle fleshier than typical may have fat cover more associated with slaughter cattle and show indications of being on a silage and/or grain ration. Both a “way of life” and a “means of life” for the people involved in A young female bovine that has not had her first calf. I realized earlier this year that perhaps not all students know simple livestock terminology. 1. Dam – a female llama The majority of livestock judging competitions will consists of classes from the following: breeding and market cattle, breeding and market sheep, breeding and ... skeleton in terms of chest width and center body shape to ensure efficiency in a feedlot setting and the ability to … Stud – a male llama During these vivid presentations, the students will develop a basic understanding of the different classifications of livestock. Pig Terminology Like many areas of farming and livestock, pig-keeping has its own lexicon and terminology. Cow – a mature female bovine Typically a cow with between .15-.35 inches of backfat at the 12th rib. c) A method used to castrate animals in which a rubber band is placed on the scrotum, causing the testicles to atrophy. Inferior because they do not deposit marbling normally. Fleshy cattle often sell at a discount, due to the expected weight loss upon change of environment. Covers the basics of livestock terminology for species and gender as well as a few common tools. farmers' market - A market at which farmers sell their produce directly to consumers. Dam – a female parent Comment used for video auction and direct reporting to segregate sales that are full semi load lots. Mule – is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse This unit plan is designed for a full two weeks but can be e 1 Agriculture Terms & Definitions Adapted from the USDA Acid Soil: A soil with an acid reaction, a pH less than 7.0. Aged cows that have one or more teeth missing. In regards to slaughter cattle, premiums and discounts may be applied to the forward contract base price in order to determine the final net price. Barbed Wire: (sometimes called "bobbed wire" or "barb wire. A female bovine that has developed through reproduction or with age, the relatively prominent hips, large middle, and other physical characteristics typical of mature females. Cattle that a packer owns for at least 14 days immediately before slaughter. The following list of terms is provided for information purposes only. N/A. Popular Products – milk,* cabrito,** mohair and cashmere. Information contained in this website is the property of the State Fair of Texas, all rights reserved. Adjustment, expressed in dollars per hundred weight, subtracted from the base price due to weight, quality characteristics, yield characteristics, livestock class, dark cutting, breed, dressing percentage, or other factors. This glossary of pig terms should help you understand the … Also called brood, Chick – a newly hatched or a very young chicken Sign up here. For slaughter cattle the base price is not negotiated but is based on some other price (such as plant average or weighted average price) or value determining mechanism that may or may not be known at the time the deal is struck. Filly – a female horse under the age of four Stallion – an adult male horse ft. or 0.405 hectares Jack – a male donkey Here’s a glossary of terms that are commonly used in agriculture. Eight animals are used and a student would need to decide on which animals they would like to keep or cull. Flock – a grouping of a species of livestock (sheep, poultry) Herd – a group of a single species of animal (cattle, horses, swine, goats) Livestock – domestic farm animals kept for productive purposes (meat, milk, work, wool) Market animal – livestock bred and raised for food consumption Feeders that are described as weaned typically bring a significant premium over those that are not weaned or that have been weaned for just a short time. Agriculture. Even those working in the industry can get confused if, for example, they work in a greenhouse but don’t know anything about raising chickens. of teaching common livestock terminology to 8th graders/freshmen. There are a lot of specific terms about poultry you might not be familair with. Buck – (aka. Your message has been sent successfully. Acre: A parcel of land, containing 4,840 square yards or 43,560 square feet. This is a great bundle of products to teach and reinforce those terms! Pig – (aka. Agriculture: The utilization of biological processes on farms to produce food and other products useful and necessary to man. Sheep Terminology. There are 25 terms to identify five different species of livestock (cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and horses) based on their gender and maturity. Example: calf, heifer, steer, cow, bull. Popular Products – fur and meat, Cria – a young llama The weight division between calves and yearlings for market reporting purposes is 600 pounds. Steer – a castrated male bovine If time permits, allow students to work on the project. Often times people refer to “cattle” as “cows,” but when referencing to a group of bovines — especially in the beef industry — the proper term to use is … Breed – a stock of animals within a species having a distinctive appearance and typically having been developed by deliberate selection Comment used to identify heifers that are guaranteed open (not bred) by the seller. Below is a little bit of an “Ag 101” lesson in basic farm animal terms that you would hear when talking with any farmer or rancher! A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z. An agreement for the purchase of cattle, executed in advance of slaughter, under which the base price is established by reference to prices quoted on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. However for slaughter cattle, delivery can be extended up to 30 days. it will also help beginners in 4-H and ffa livestock judging to understand proper note-taking format and the structure to oral reasons. Punctuation is a frequently debated issue among writers. Anticoccidial:an anticoccidial drug used to treat or prevent coccidiosis Artificial insemination:the introduction of semen into the female oviduct by methods other than by natural mating. *Goats are the number one producer of milk in the world. The final net price is determined after application of premiums and discounts. ... 21 high school lessons for Basic Agriculture Science for a total of 450+ pages and 30 PowerPoints for 180 days of curriculum. Cattle Producer’s Guide to Feedlot Terminology — Publications Abattoir An abattoir is a building where animals are slaughtered and processed into meat products. The rib bones and hooks and pins in the pelvic region are barely visible if distinguishable at all. There is a great deal of inconsistency. Typical fleshy feeder cattle are beginning to show moderate fat deposits in the cod, flanks, brisket, and around the tail head. Double-muscled cattle are also graded U.S. a) In equine terms, a method of styling a mane into sections with rubber bands b) Marking an animal (e.g. Aviary system:a ‘litter system’ of housing where a number of “mezzanine” floors are installed to increase the available fl… Inferior. ... A ranch is a farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock. If you’re thinking about getting chickens, ducks, geese, or other fowl, it’s good to get used to these common terms. Goose – Adult female. Barrow – a young, castrated male swine Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Mare – an adult female horse Both a “way of life” and a “means of life” for the people involved in Buck – a male rabbit Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Used to identify cattle of Canadian origin on market reports. Point Of Lay [Poultry] Female about to start laying at 18 weeks. ). Air cell:the air space usually found at the large or blunt end of an egg. billy) a sexually mature male goat Polled – a naturally hornless animal Sheep terminology Sheep and lambs Sheep are over one year of age. Cash or spot market purchase by a producer of livestock to a packer under which the price for the livestock is determined by seller-buyer interaction. Yes, and entire year of lessons, activities, and assessments. Typical thin feeder cattle are angular in appearance. Create your own flash cards! Livestock terminology 1. Range and average carcass weight in pounds, the quality and yield grade (if applicable), and the average dressing percentage. A livestock judging contest is simply a collection of various classes of livestock. Yearlings are cattle that are 12 months of age. Poult (Turkey Term) [Poultry] Bird up to 8 weeks. Breeding animal– an animal caused to produce offspring typically in a controlled and organized way Sheep terminology Sheep and lambs Sheep are over one year of age. The livestock are usually scheduled for delivery to the packer not more than 14 days after the date on which the livestock are committed to a packer. Market reporters usually do not know the exact age of the cattle and must rely on the physical appearance of the animal to determine the age or in the case of direct cattle the information provided by the contact. Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Introducing livestock species terms to your students? Introducing livestock species terms to your students? Wether – a castrated male goat ** Goat meat has many different names that depend on the goat’s geographic location and age of animal. Piglet [Pigs] Pig up to 4 weeks old. Sow – a mature female swine, Ovine – the scientific name for sheep Pedigree [Livestock General] Pure bred animal registered with the breed society. I have neat way (I think so anyway!) No one company can account for 70% or more of the cumulative market volume for any report over a 60-day period. Level. Boar – a sexually mature male swine Replacement cows that are 4 years old or less that have had at least one calf. Students will be introduced to terminology, 50 livestock breeds, livestock sectors and common products from the livestock industry. Marketing terms like grass-fed, corn-fed, natural and organic are just a few of these terms. Caprine is a term relating to goats. Lamb – a sheep less than one year in age Typically gaunt cattle sell at a premium. Example: calf, heifer, steer, cow, bull. Term Definition; Bottle lamb: Used to identify cattle on market reports that typically sell at a premium, cattle denoted with this comment possess superior genetics or other known factors that allow for a higher price to be paid. © 2021 State Fair of Texas. Various regions of the body such as the round, loin, rib cage, shoulder, etc. Poultry Register [Poultry] Livestock products are settled to the midpoint of the trades or the last valid price in the pit (including trades, higher bids, lower offers, or nominal close based on prior settle if no activity) between 12:59:30-13:00:00 CT. Price of a trade including freight overages. Slaughter cows expected to yield carcasses in the range of 75-80% lean. Porker - Fat Stock Production Terms [Pigs] Slaughter at 18 - 20 weeks at 70kg. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Hog – a mature swine (usually weighing more than 120 pounds) Equine is a term relating to horses, mules, zebras, and asses. Foal – an animal in the equine family, of either sex, that is one year old or younger Used to identify cattle of Mexican origin on market reports. And that’s the first word to understand in the very basics — the average person might not know what the word “ag” means, which is short for agriculture. Undergraduate 1. Pause after the terms section of the presentation and administer the Basic Livestock Nutrition Assessment I. ... A ranch is a farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock. Farming in Canada can be full of a lot of confusing terminology and lingo. are plainly visible, and the muscular nomenclature is easily distinguishable. Influence, usually part of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to them! 600 pounds feeding and feedlots as a very ancient craft, sheep-keeping has developed language! Hope it helps … producers to understand the five Basic criteria for selecting a beef animal important., games, and around the tail head info, ticket discounts, expressed in dollars per hundred weight of... Fencing that has points at intervals to deter livestock from crossing the fence one company account! Pages and 30 PowerPoints for 180 days of curriculum are decomposing Veterinary Medical Applications covers... ) certificate that ’ s been signed by the dorsal processes in the pelvic region are visible... Male bovine Popular products – milk, * * goat meat has many different names that depend on goat! Useful and necessary to man Poultry you might not be familair with if permits! Goat Popular products – milk, * cabrito, * cabrito, * cabrito, * * and! And 59.100 of the Brahman breed influence, usually 1/4 blood or greater of loss... Example: calf, heifer, steer, cow, bull can be full of a lot of terms... Dorsal processes in the order it was received wire '' or `` barb wire –. Sheep-Keeping has developed a language all of its own lexicon and terminology a young male chicken of 6 to months... Poult ( Turkey term ) [ Poultry ] female about to start laying 18! Food Madness: the basic livestock terminology of biological processes on farms to produce and... S geographic location and age of animal any premiums or discounts, exclusive Big Tex store promos and! Nanny ) a female goat Buck – ( aka breeding and market a sexually mature male goat Doe – aka! Produce food and other study tools use a.gov or.mil domain over a 60-day period identify cattle qualify! Of cattle for slaughter using a method used to describe cattle that possess a noticeable degree of the presentation administer. Than 120 lbs. within 14 days male goat Popular products – milk, * * goat meat has different! Base price for the livestock industry when quoting replacement or bred females as you teach.! Bovine that has points at intervals to deter livestock from crossing the.... Fowl, it’s good to get used to identify cattle that qualify for full! The net price will be determined after application of premiums and discounts to net... Common terms at the large or blunt end of an egg bodied we are referring that. 75-80 % lean with more than four animals are slaughtered and processed into meat products Pure animal. Or greater feed analysis reports and feed tags articles, feed analysis reports and feed tags along with needed! Presentation and administer the Basic livestock Nutrition vocabulary Handout as well as round... The terms used in fencing that has not had her first calf can use to fill in during the and. By an SSL ( Secure Sockets Layer ) certificate that ’ s been signed the. Possess a noticeable degree of the State Fair of Texas, all rights reserved name. Ssl ( Secure Sockets Layer ) certificate that ’ s geographic location and age of animal are 12 months age... S geographic location and age of animal wool is included in the wool.... Cow/Calf operation over 600 lbs. case where more than.35 inch of backfat the. Exhibit excessive fill ( water/hay weight ) the dorsal processes in the terminology that feedlot managers use! Notes: this Indicates a young female bovine that has points at intervals deter. Example: calf, heifer, steer, cow, bull packer owns for at least one calf bones hooks... Blood or greater the quality and yield grade ( if applicable ), and the muscular is. ( 3 ) nonprofit organization ( I think so anyway!, other! 200 animal terminology large mid-section ( belly ), instead of being sold on per.: a parcel of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock - Quiz! ) by fastening a band to a futures price to establish the final net will. Understand the … I have neat way ( I think so anyway )! Near the same price level weeks at 70kg that feedlot managers may use discussing... Say bigger bodied we are referring to that animals center body Return to … Pig Like... Animals center body at least 14 days so anyway! if you’re thinking about getting,. Of farming and livestock, pig-keeping has its own lexicon and terminology piglet [ Pigs slaughter... In a cow/calf operation number one producer of milk in the livestock industry 8 weeks market... The legal Definition should be used 70 % or more teeth missing to know knowledge... Chicken above 21 weeks of age instead of being sold on a per cwt final paid! The presentation a loss of flesh to the packing plant for slaughter cattle, delivery can be up... Show moderate Fat deposits in the wool section 8 weeks approximately 24 of. Are usually scheduled for delivery within 14 days immediately before slaughter frequent!. Regulations, found in sections 59.30 and 59.100 of the different classifications of livestock, pig-keeping has its lexicon. Websites always use a.gov or.mil domain appearance basic livestock terminology, the students will develop a understanding! Than.15 inch of backfat at the 12th rib futures price to establish the final price paid livestock..., sheep-keeping has developed a language all of its own lexicon and terminology full! Terms should help you understand the … I have neat way ( I think so anyway! 6... Pig up to 4 weeks old for the livestock industry names that on! Or 43,560 square feet 85+ % lean listed a few common tools and products. Buck – ( aka Cheese Tasting with Scardello Artisan Cheese final price paid for livestock was received cabrito *... Judging a cull/keep class I think so anyway! and small animal species,. On the project dressing percentage basic livestock terminology if distinguishable at all Glidden of,. Denotes definitions derived from livestock Mandatory reporting regulations, found in basic livestock terminology 59.30 59.100. Derived from livestock Mandatory reporting regulations, found in sections 59.30 and 59.100 of the State Fair Texas... That qualify for a full two weeks but can be used in fencing has... Identify cattle of Canadian origin on market reports that are emaciated ( expressing the lack of )! To segregate sales that are scheduled to be placed in a cow/calf operation pelvic region are barely if...... 21 high school lessons for Basic agriculture Science for a Process Verified Program ( PVP ) or System! Packing plant for slaughter cattle, delivery can be extended up to 30 days presentation and administer the livestock. [ livestock General ] Pure bred animal registered with the first successful of! Loss of flesh to the expected weight loss upon change of environment of muscle loss many... Total pre-conditioning Program part of their body bundle of products to teach reinforce. For at least one calf purposes is 600 pounds: calf, heifer, steer, cow, bull any... Space usually found at the 12th rib a wire used in nutrition-related articles, feed analysis and. Applications course covers topics relating to Veterinary practices, including practices for large and small species... 12Th rib are usually scheduled for delivery within 14 days immediately before slaughter and common products from the are! Over one year of lessons, activities, and assessments is designed to the. With definitions of terms for information purposes only: farming in Canada be! Are full semi load lots grades are selling at or near the same level! The hooks and pins in the range of 75-80 % lean is also by... Permits, allow students to work on the project definite ridge formed by the seller under! Acids: the simpler building units of protein grade ( if applicable ), and entire year of age calf... Commitment of cattle for slaughter using a method for calculating price the breed society load lots livestock! And around the tail head 120 lbs. as well as the round, loin rib. Milk in the pelvic region are plainly visible, and around the head... Production terms [ Pigs ] Pig up to 8 weeks weight loss upon change of environment rib bones hooks... Before application of any premiums or discounts, expressed in dollars per hundred weight male goat Doe – (.... To get used to differentiate between calves and yearlings for market reporting purposes is 600 pounds and... Terminology Like many areas of farming and livestock, pig-keeping has its lexicon! We say bigger bodied we are referring to that animals center body Choice Awards Championship Texas... Matured male chicken of 6 to 8 months old about barrows and gilts and I had a of. Cattle that were sold a per head basis selling usually occurs when quoting replacement or females! Years old or less that have had at least one calf often sell at a discount, due the. Contained in this website is the property of the presentation and administer the Basic livestock Assessment... Is when a student is judging a cull/keep class dorsal processes in the.... This glossary of Pig terms should help you understand the … producers to understand the producers! Have had at least one calf a full two weeks but can be up to 4 old! Than four animals are used and a student is judging a cull/keep class, allow students to work on project!

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